am new to openbsd, but using it on our business server.
I have been using systat, pfctl, tcpdump and other tools to monitor
server logs as well as the apache logs.
following the following command
"sudo tcpdump -ttt -r /var/log/pflog port 22 |less"
if found one entry which puzzled me
"mar 31 14:33:44.484756 xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:22 >xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:80
R 0:0(0) ack 1 win 0(pf)"
i read this as ip xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:22 connected to our webserver xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:80
what made me curious was the :22 of the connecting machine. Does this mean that
the user or robot as xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:22 simply was outgoing from their machine on
port 22 to my server at port 80???????????
we were curious because we block all p22 traffic from anywhere except our internal
what does R 0:0(0) ack 1 win 0(pf) mean ?????
yes have read man page for tcpdump (don't mind be pointed to more
neewbie docs that would help w/this)
any help appreciated
To really understand those tcpdump flags, you will need a basic understanding of TCP
The packet you have seen, may have come from a third party trying to do a TCP reset attack
You don't need to be a genius to debug a pf.conf firewall ruleset, you just need the guts to run tcpdump
When we think of TCP or UDP ports, we almost always think of the destination port number, but there are two port numbers involved -- not only the destination port, there is a sending port as well.
There are two port numbers involved in every UDP or TCP conversation. Each side has its own port number.
Wikipedia says (highlight mine):
The general format of a TCP protocol line is: src > dst: flags src-os data-seqno ack window urgent options
"R" is the TCP flag "RST" -- it means, "Reset the Connection."
0:0(0) says the packet sequence number is zero, and contains no data.
"ack 1" is the sequence number expected in response
"win 0(pf)" is zero bytes for window (the remote buffer), as this is a pflog trace, rather than a trace of a NIC.
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